Croce, Benedetto

(1866–1952)
   Born in Percasseroli, southern Italy, Croce was a leading philosopher and active in Italian politics. Greatly influenced by the philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, he in turn was a major influence on the great Marxist thinker and activist Antonio Gramsci. He wrote prolifically, producing some 70 books, including his Filosofia dello Spirito (Philosophy of Spirit) in four volumes on aesthetics (1909), logic (1917), ethics (1915), and philosophy of history (1921), Ariosto, Shakespeare, and Corneille (1920) and History of Europe in the Nineteenth Century (1932). Croce also founded the journal La Critica, which he edited for some 40 years and in which he published many of his writings. In his writings he elaborated a humanist philosophy which sought to provide a secular substitute for the beliefs of religion, with a commitment to a concept of human creative power at its center. His writings on Karl Marx praised his separation of ethical and political considerations, and criticized Friedrich Engels’ interpretation of Marx.
   Croce served as minister of education in 1920–21 and again after World War II, and also as a senator in the Italian government. An opponent of Fascism he was liberal and conservative in political outlook, and stands as an influence on the Marxist tradition rather than an advocate of it.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Croce, Benedetto — born Feb. 25, 1866, Pescasseroli, Italy died Nov. 20, 1952, Naples Italian patriot, aesthetician, critic, and cultural historian. He founded La Critica, an influential journal of cultural criticism, in 1903 and was its editor until 1937. A… …   Universalium

  • Croce, Benedetto — (1866–1952)    One of the greatest philosophers in modern Italian history, and arguably one of the greatest philosophers of history of this century, Benedetto Croce also became a symbol of the intellectual resistance to Fascism. He was born in… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Croce, Benedetto — ► (1886 1952) Filósofo e historiador italiano. Su filosofía está inspirada en el idealismo de Hegel y en Vico. Autor de Materialismo histórico y economía marxista, Estética como ciencia de la expresión (1902) y Filosofía del espíritu. Como… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Croce, Benedetto — (1866–1952) Italian philosopher and historian. Born in the Abruzzi, Croce studied in Rome from 1883 (when his parents were killed in an earthquake) until 1886, when he took up residence in Naples, where he lived the rest of his life. In 1903 he… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Croce,Benedetto — Cro·ce (krōʹchĕ), Benedetto. 1866 1952. Italian philosopher, historian, and critic noted for a major work of modern idealism, the four volume Philosophy of the Spirit (1902 1917), and as a staunch opponent of fascism. * * * …   Universalium

  • Croce, Benedetto — See Idealism (italian) and after …   History of philosophy

  • Croce, Benedetto —  (1866–1952) Italian writer, philosopher, and politician …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • CROCE, Benedetto — (1866 1952)    Italian philosopher whose work on the philosophy of HISTORY strongly influenced R. J. COLLINGWOOD …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Croce, Benedetto — (Pescassèroli, L Aquila 1866 Napoli 1952) filosofo, storico e critico letterario, figura di massimo rilievo del Novecento, fondatore de “La Critica”. collab./opere: “La Voce”, “Energie nove”, “Nuova Antologia”, “Il Baretti” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Croce — Croce, Benedetto …   Philosophy dictionary

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